Laurinus bindings

Marcus Laurinus jr. [Lauweryn], heer van Watervliet, Waterland en Lambersart (1525-1581)

Marcus Laurinus / Mark Lauweryn / Marc Laurin / Marc Laurini / Marc Lawryn

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M. LAVRINI ET AMICORUM on Cicero, Orationes. Paris: Colines, 1543. British Library. Goldschmidt list no. 19. 


LAVRINUS, LAVRINI or LAVRINO tooled on the bindings below, confirmed by:

PLATE = confirmed in catalogue, plate

FOOT = confirmed by Foot 1978

NIXON = confirmed by Nixon 1971

CAT.DESCR. = confirmed in catalogue description


Goldschmidt list: (Goldschmidt 1928, p. 282-3 & Addenda)

1. FOOT. Juvenal. Venice: Aldus, 1534. Godschmidt list no. 1. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229 no. 17. - Bibl. Nationale Paris, Rés. p.Yc. 1282. 

2. FOOT. Plautus. Venice: Aldus, 1522. Goldschmidt list no. 2. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229, no. 12. - Bibl. Nat. Paris, Rés. n.Yc.373. 

3. FOOT. Seneca. Trag. Venice: Aldus, 1517. Goldschmidt list no. 3. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p.229, no. 7. - Bibl. Nat. Paris. Rés, p.Yc.1281

4. FOOT. Plutarch [Nixon 1971, p. 138 and HDG I, 17, fn.4.] Xenophon [Goldschmidt p. 282], Parallela. Venice: Aldus, 1519. Meunier, Plate XLV. Goldschmidt list no. 4. Claude de Picques, HDG I, p. 220, fn 9. - Bibl. Nationale Paris, Rés. J.89. 

5. PLATE. Xenophon. Venice: Aldus, 1525. W.Y. Fletcher, Foreign Bookbindings in the British Museum. Plate XXXIX. Brugge en de Renaissance. Cat. Exhibition 'Van Hans Memling tot Pieter Pourbus'. Brugge: 1998, no. 221, pl. Goldschmidt list no. 5. Claude de Picques, HDG I, p. 220, fn 10. - British Library, G8320. 

6. PLATE. Cicero, De philosophia. vol. II. Venice: Aldus, 1523. Lord Gosford. Toovey Cat. Burlington Fine Arts Club, Exhibition of bookbindings, p. 19, p.34. Plate XL. p. 19 & repr. in [Cat. of...Toovey](http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008591170). New York: 1901. Goldschmidt list no. 6. The Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229 no. 13. - Pierpont Morgan Library no. 1306 (vol I, imitation binding by Bedford) & 1307 (vol.II, genuine binding). 

7. PLATE. Livius, Epitome. Venice: Aldus, 1520-1. Miner/Baltimore, no.287 (pl.). Goldschmidt list no. 7. Nixon p. 134-140, pl. p. 135. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229, no. 10. - Pierpont Morgan Library.

8. FOOT. Euripedes. Venice, Aldus, 1503. Hobson, Maioli, p.41. fn. Goldschmidt list no. 8. Claude de Picques, HDG I, p. 220, fn 6. - Trinity College, Dublin, Quinn 99. 

9. FOOT. Lactantius. Venice: Aldus, 1516 [Foot: 1535]. Bibliotheca Spenceriana. Goldschmidt list no. 9. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229 no. 16. - J. Rylands Library 102, Manchester. 

10. FOOT. Rhodiginus. Venice: Aldus, 1516. Bibliotheca Spenceriana. Goldschmidt list no. 10. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p.229 no. 6. - J. Rylands Library 4262, Manchester. 

11. PLATE. Silius Italicus, De bello punico secundo. Venice: Aldus: 1523.  Goldschmidt list, no. 11. Boekbanden uit vijf eeuwen, Exh. Cat. Ghent, 1961, no. 204, pl. XXXV. Brugge en de Renaissance. Cat. Exhibition 'Van Hans Memling tot Pieter Pourbus'. Brugge: 1998, no. 219, pl. Goldschmidt list no. 11. The Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229 no. 14. - Bibl. Univ. de Gand, Rés. 791.

12. PLATE. Alberti, L'Architettura. Florence: Torrentino, 1550. P.J. Martens (ed.), Brugge en de Renaissance. Cat. Exhibition 'Van Hans Memling tot Pieter Pourbus'. Brugge: 1998, no. 218, pl. Goldschmidt list no. 12. HDG I, p.225. - Bibl. Univ. de Gand, Res. 1203.  

13. FOOT. Ovidius, Metamorph. Venice: Aldus, 1516. J.-Ch. Brunet's Coll. (1868), no. 222. Goldschmidt list no. 13. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229 no. 4. - Musée Condé, Chantilly, VIII.D 24. 

14. CAT.DESCR. Ovidius, Fasti, Tristia. [Foot: and Ptolomeus]. Venice: Aldus, 1522. R.S. Turner Sale (1878), no.224. Goldschmidt list no. 14. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p.229 no.3. - Musée Condé, Chantilly, VIII.D 23. 

15. FOOT. Budaeus, De asse. Venice: Aldus, 1522. Sunderland sale, Puttick and Simpson, 1881, no. 2078. Guyot de Villeneuve Sale (1901), no. 1306. Repr. Guignard Nouv.Arm. II, p.293. La Bibliothèque de feu Edouard Rahir, Première partie, Paris, 1930, p.11, no.47. Sotheby's, 5.VI. 1938, no. 696. Goldschmidt list no. 15. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229 no. 11. Harvard. 

16. FOOT. Macrobius, Saturnalia. Venice: Aldus, 1528. Earl of Powis Sale (1923), repr. no. 493. Quaritch Cat. 468, 1933, no. 359. Goldschmidt list no. 16. The Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229, no. 15. Gift J.W. Hely-Hutchinson to - Eton Library.

17. CAT.DESCR. Statius. Venice: Aldus, 1502. Borluut de Noortdonck (1858); Solar (1860) no.972; Techener (1865); A.F. Didot (1878) no.119. Goldschmidt list no. 17. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229 no.1. One of the 'Rahir fifty' May 1907, Pierpont Morgan Library, no. 15430. 

18. Sylvius, De la Generation de l'Homme. Paris: 1559. Earl of Gosford Sale (1882), no.91; Seilliére Sale (1890), no.187; again (1893), no.94; Quaritch, Cat. of Bindings (1897), no.239. Sotheby's, 25.III.1929, no. 250 (pl.). Goldschmidt list no. 18 (G. had his doubts about the genuineness of this binding.) Nixon 'unquestionably genuine', 'possibly Bruges bookbinder', Nixon 1971, p. 137, 139. 

19. FOOT. Cicero, Orationes. Paris: Colines, 1543, L. Double (1863), no.354; Vict. Sardou (1909) No.67, H. de Backer (1927), no.2865. Goldschmidt list no. 19, ---, Gothic and Ren. Bindings, vol. 2 pl. LXXIX. Claude de Picques, HDG I, p. 222, fn 13. - British Library, H.D., P.994. 

20. FOOT. Lucretius. Venice: Aldus, 1515. Second Holford Sale, 7 December 1927, no. 459, repr. Goldschmidt list no. 20. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229 no.2. 

21. Sophocles. Venice: Aldus, 1502. Earl of Powis Sale, Sotheby's 20.III.1923, no. 398. Goldschmidt list no. 21. Not seen by Foot. 


Nixon: (Nixon 1971, p. 137)

1. FOOT. Bessarion. Venice: Aldus, 1516. Gift J.W. Hely- Hutchinson (together with the Macrobius above, no.16 G-list). Nixon. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229 no.5. - Eton College. 

2. CAT.DESCR. Priscian. Venice: Aldus, 1527. Lent by General Jacques Willem to the 1955 exh. of the Soc. des Bibl. et Icon. de Belgique. Bibl. Roy, Brussels, cat.no. 38, pl. VII.

3. FOOT. G. Du Choul, Discours de la religion des anciens Romains. Lyon: 1556. Exposition des Reliures 1930, 1, no. 468. Nixon, p. 137. Claude de Picques, HDG I, p. 220, 222; fn 11. - Royal Library Brussel, V.11638. 

4. FOOT. Plinius. Venice: Aldus, 1518. Bridges Sale 1726? no. 726. G. Gathorne-Hardy, Fine Books from Famous Houses, National Book League, 1958, no. 91. Nixon. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229, no. 8. - Blickling Hall.

5. PLATE. Pontanus. Venice: Aldus, 1518-19. 3 vols. Bridges Sale 1726, no. 305. Nixon. Henry Davis Gift 497. Cupid's Bow Binder, HDG I, p. 229, no. 9. - British Museum.

6. FOOT. Vico, Augustarum imagines. Venice: 1558. Chatsworth: 1958 British Museum. B.M. Quarterly, September 1962, pl. II. Nixon p. 137. Claude de Picques, HDG I, p. 222. - British Museum. 


Foot, HDG I p. 227, fn 4. 

1. FOOT. Epistolae diversorum philosophorum. Venice: 1499. Sunderland Sale, Puttick and Simpson, 22 April 1882, No. 4234. HDG I, p.224 & fn 35. Otto Schäfer, Schweinfurt. 

2. FOOT. Goltz, Vivae..imperatorum imagines. Antwerp: 1557. Otto Schäfer, Schweinfurt. 


Lost presentation copy from Grolier for Laurinus:

1. FOOT. Egnatius, Historiae Augustae Scriptores. Venice: Aldus, 1519. Presentation copy from Grolier to Laurinus. Motteley Collection, Musée du Louvre. Burnt in fire Tuileries, Paris 1871. Goldschmidt 1928, p. 283. Nixon, p. 138. Fournier/HDG I, p. 220. 


Gift bindings from Laurinus:

1. PLATE. Ferronius, De rebus gestis Gallorum. Paris: Michel Vascosan, 1550. Presentation copy from Laurinus to Antonius Schoonhovius, kanunnik van Sint-Donaas. Laurinus pres. text tooled on lower cover + note on title page. Brugge en de Renaissance. Cat. Exhibition 'Van Hans Memling tot Pieter Pourbus'. Brugge: 1998, no. 220, pl. Mansfeld binder: Nixon 1971, p. 138, fn 1, manuscript dedication on title page. HDG I, p. 220 - Stadsbibliotheek Brugge, 3125. 

2. NIXON. Goltzius, Historiae imperatorum caesarumque Romanorum. Bruges: 1562(3?). Presentation copy from Laurinus to Maximilian de Bergues, Bishop of Cambrai, pres. text tooled on binding. Fairfax-Murray Collection. F.M., Cat. of German, etc, Books, Second Portion. 1918. no.477. Nixon p. 137. Flemish binding?Fontaine Verwey, 1972, p. 300. Gift J.W. Hely-Hutchinson to - Eton Library.

3. PLATE. Goltzius, Fastos magistratuum Romanum. Bruges: 1566. A.o. Third Wilmerding Sale, Parke Bernet, New York 1951, no. 533. Another presentation copy from Laurinus to M. de B. pres. text tooled in binding. Flemish binding? Fontaine Verwey, 1972, p. 300. Uniform with the above, Nixon, p. 137. HDG I, p. 219, pl. on p. 221. - British Library. 


Binders 

Claude de Picques (Paris, ca. 1510-1574/1578)

Laurinus' name tooled on the upper cover.

Goldschmidt list nos. 4, 5, 8, 19. 

Nixon nos. 3, 6. 

HDG I, p.220, 222. Nixon 1971, p. 138.


Cupids's Bow Binder (Paris, active 1550-55)

Laurinus' name tooled on the upper cover.

Goldschmidt list nos. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20.

Nixon nos. 1, 4, 5.

HDG I, Appendix, p. 229. Nixon 1971, p. 139-40. 


Venetian Apple Binder also called Fugger Binder

OTM: Band 2 B 5


Mansfield Binder

Gift binding no. 1.


Flemish/Bruges binder?

Laurinus' name tooled on cover.

Goldschmidt list no. 18. 'possibly Bruges bookbinder', Nixon 1971, p. 137, 139. 

Gift bindings 2 and 3.

Nixon 1971, p. 139. 


As yet undecided

Goldschmidt list no. 12, 21

Nixon no. 2.

Foot no. 1,2.


Food for thought

1. Blonde Flavii de Roma triumphante. Venice: 1510. Libri Sale Cat. of Paris, 2 July 1857, no.5166. Undecorated binding? Laurinus name written on title page. Goldschmidt 1928, p. 282, fn 1. 

2. PL. Mega etymologikon. Venice: 1549. Cat.? no. 105; Sotheby's, 23 May 1960, no. 41. Laurinus name written on title page. Venetian workshop which supplied Cardinal Granvelle (Nixon 1971, p. 137). Venetian Apple Binder (HDG I p. 225). Fontaine Verwey p. 297, p. 310 fn 1. - University of Amsterdam, OTM: Band 2 B 5. 

3. PL. Carmina quinque illustium Poetarum. Florence: Torrentinus, 1552. According to Goldschmidt the same wreath centerpiece and tool in spine compartments as the binding on Goltzius 1562, Goldschmidt, Gothic and Ren. Bindings, no. 207, pl. LXXX. Nixon 1971, p. 140: refutes this. First Abbey Sale Sotheby's, 21 June 1965, no. 120. - Pierpont Morgan Library no. 55172. Online cat. does not attrib. to Laurinus. 

4. 'Guignard II, p. 292, mentions some vols. in the Bibl. de l'ancien Séminaire de Douai with the Lauweryn arms, which may or may not have belonged to this Mark Lauweryn.' Goldschmidt 1928, p. 283, fn 2. 


Bibliography

H. de la Fontaine Verwey, 'The first private press in the Low Countries. Marcus Laurinus and the Officina Goltziana.' In: Quarendo, II 4, 1972, p.294-310. 

H. de la Fontaine Verwey, 'De eerste "private press" in de Nederlanden. Marcus Laurinus en de "Officina Goltziana".' In: Uit de wereld van het boek. 1: Humanisten, dwepers en rebellen in de zestiende eeuw. Amsterdam: Nico Israel, 1982, p.81-102.

HDG I = Mirjam M. Foot, 'The bindings for Marc Laurin'. In: ---, The Henry Davis Gift. A Collection of Bookbindings. London: The British Library, 1978-2010. 3 vols. Vol. I Studies in the History of Bookbinding. 1978, p. 219-22. 

E.P. Goldschmidt, Gothic and Renaissance Bookbindings. London: Benn etc., 1928. 2 vols. Vol. I: p. 281-5, 325. Vol II: Plts. 206 & 207. 

A. Hobson. 'Appendix 7. Jean Grolier's binders.' In: Humanists and Bookbinders. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. p.267-71. 

L. Indestege, Boekbanden uit vijf eeuwen: catalogus van de tentoonstelling. Gent: 1961. nr. 204. 

Howard M. Nixon, Sixteenth-century Gold-tooled Bookbindings in the Pierpont Morgan Library. New York: The Pierpont Morgan Library, 1971. p.134-40. 

L. Vandamme, ‘Laurinus en Goltzius’ & 'Boekbanden van Marcus Laurinus’. In: M.P.J. Martens (ed.), Brugge en de Renaissance. Van Memling tot Pourbus. Tentoonstelling Brugge, Memlingmuseum 15 augustus - 6 december 1998. Stichting Kunstboek. Ludion. 2 vols.  Vol. 1, p. 282, plates 218-221. Notities, p. 218-21. 

W.H. James Weale, Bookbindings and Rubbings of Bindings in the National Art Library, South Kensington Museum. London: 1894-8. 2 Vols. Vol 1, p. lviii-lix. 

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